Scientists Explore Ways to Prevent Extinction of Insect Biodiversity


It is a common knowledge that leading species of insects are facing drastic effects of large-scale poaching, destruction of habitat, and climate change. The ecosystems of this planet share crucial connections between themselves. As a result, the loss of diversity is likely to leave an impact on the global population.

A recent study projects, nearly 40% of all the insect species might cease to exist in the years to come. All this because of global warming. Pollinators, such as butterflies, honeybees, and waste eating bugs are facing the danger of going extinct immediately.

Power of Big Data for Maintaining Ecological Balance of Nature

A handful of experts are monitoring and tracking the decline of insect populations worldwide. However, a 27-year-old study of small protected zones in Germany now makes a startling revelation. Around 76% decline in the biomass of flying insects. Likewise, in Puerto Rico, researchers saw a massive 78% decline in canopy-dwelling species and a whopping 98% loss of biomass of ground-foraging arthropods.

These studies reveal troubling facts as biodiversity is the cornerstone of the global food chain. The entire system along with a sizeable part of the living species is going to fall apart without the presence of insects. Moreover, the existence of invertebrates is crucial for the presence of nutrient cycle and waste disposal. Without these living species, microorganisms like bacteria will grow vigorously posing a deadly risk to the health of living beings.

As such, the challenge of saving the biodiversity of insects is not a one-size-fits-all approach, it has to be customized according to the needs of every species. For instance, the approach that would be appropriate for saving the bee population might not work for butterflies.

Some scientists have taken the onus to save the ecosystem from collapsing and thereby creating havoc on this planet. Furthermore, they are making use of big data to know and to put an end to the mosquito population. In the U.S., there exist nearly 200 species of mosquitoes spreading diseases like dengue and Malaria. A year-to-year study of their habitat based on the region enables the strategic spraying of insecticides.

Government agencies and human being need to catch up with the initiatives of the scientific community to prevent the destruction of insect biodiversity.

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