Observedly, platelet-rich plasma treatment continues to increase in popularity for clinical use. It involves administering a little amount of own blood of the patient to discharge various growth factors from platelets. Since 2015, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons have tracked the procedure, and reports 25 percent increase in its use for cosmetic purposes in the last four years.
To some extent, the increase in popularity of the treatment could be traced back to celebrities who extol its cosmetic benefits. Meanwhile, there is a deluge of information about the myriad uses of the treatment arising from a number of different sources.
Functional features of Platelet-rich plasma promising for tissue repair mechanism
“In fact, platelet-rich plasma treatments show immense promise to harness the natural tissue repair mechanism of the body, for patients to achieve improved form and function,” stated the lead author of a review on the science behind platelet-rich plasma treatment and evolving role of the treatment in plastic surgery. The review is published in the January edition of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
For clinical purposes, platelet-rich plasma treatment features several characteristics that make it attractive for use in plastic surgery. The treatment is easy and is inexpensively produced using the patient’s own cells, with small or zero risk of side effects. However, for cosmetic use, the treatment can be time-intensive and may require multiple sessions.
Physiologically, platelets are blood cells that play a critical role in blood clotting. In the event of tissue damage, platelets rush to the injury site, and initiate a cascade of events with the objective to stop bleeding and kick-start the wound-healing process. Platelets release over 30 growth factors and other biologically active proteins.