New biofuel system improves efficiency of hydrogen production process

New biofuel system improves efficiency of hydrogen production process

Technology

A new technology is created regarding hydrogen production. This technology includes electrons produced at the time of biomass decomposition. Waste wood can be an ideal instance of the same. A compound with high added values is the output after the biomass decomposition. Furthermore, it is a dual-stone technology to improve hydrogen production efficiency.

Use of lignin and molybdenum for the process

A group of researchers has presented a novel biofuel technology that involves the use of lignin obtained in biomass for hydrogen production. The biofuel system carries out the lignin decomposition with the help of a molybdenum catalyst for creating compounds with high value. Furthermore, the electrons obtained during the process produce hydrogen.

Water electrolysis is an environment-friendly method of hydrogen production. In order to produce oxygen and hydrogen at the same time, there is an application of voltage. Moreover, the new developed technology has a slow oxygen generation reaction (OER). Furthermore, efficiency is also low in terms of hydrogen production. The production of hydrogen gas by hydrogen ions is the reason for this.

The researchers have used lignin as an electron donor for reducing the OER inefficiency. The new system has the ability to produce hydrogen with minimum energy when compared to standard water electrolysis. This is because there is no need for oxygen reactions involving increased energy and valuable metal catalysts.

The standard method consumed 1.5 volts during hydrogen production. In contrast, the new system consumed just 0.95 volts during the hydrogen production process. This biofuel technology carries out the hydrogen production process with the help of inexpensive catalysts and low voltage. This, in turn, reduces the overall complications of the process to a great extent.

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